Prime Minister Agriculture Modernization Project (PMAMP) is 10 years plan for increasing agricultural production, productivity, management of input and technical manpower for agricultural production, mechanization in production, processing and marketing infrastructure development for the modernization and overall independency in agriculture. The project started from fiscal year 2073/74 and will run continuously for 10 years till 2082/83 B.S.
Under this project, four category of agriculture production will be implemented among which Small commercial agriculture production center (Pockets), Commercial, agriculture production centers (Blocks), Commercial agriculture production and processing centers (Zones) and Extensive commercial agriculture production and industrial centers (Super zones) development program will be launched in different parts of country according to the Agro-ecological diversity.
The total budget of this project will be 1 kharba, 30 Arba, 74 Crores and 20 lakhs (130 billion and 742 million). The current running fiscal year 2077/78 is the 5th year of project implementation.
The different development programs are described below with districts with program implementation.
Super Zones of Nepal:
Super zones are the areas with particular commodity cultivated in 1000 hectors of area with minimum infrastructures, implemented with intention of large agricultural production, and development of agro-industrial area. The major objectives of Super zones in Nepal are increase in production and productivity of commodity, mechanization and commercialization, establishment of processing centers, seed production and agricultural research centers in those areas and eventually lead to independent in agricultural commodity. They will be working at national level for agricultural production.
There will be total of 21 super zones in Nepal by the end of this project.
At present the existing 16 Super zones of different commodity in Nepal are given below:
- Rice: Jhapa, Kapilvastu, Bardiya, Kanchanpur
- Fish: Bara, Dhanusha, Rupendehi
- Potato: Kavrepalanchowk, Dadeldhura
- Vegetable: Kaski
- Maize: Dang
- Apple: Jumla
- Wheat: Kailali
- Sweet orange: Sindhuli
- Mandarian: Syangja
- Coffee: Gulmi
Zones of Nepal:
Zones are the areas with minimum infrastructure and with minimum of 500 hectors of particular commodity cultivation established with objective of increasing production and productivity, mechanization, commercialization and finally establishing agricultural processing centers. Also, it aims establishing Custom hiring Centre, Community seed banks, Processing grading and packaging units, marketing infrastructures, CAESC Infrastructures / laboratories etc. in such areas as agricultural infrastructures. They will be working at national level for agricultural production.
The project aims in establishing 300 zones all over the country by the end of the project.
At present the existing 106 zones of different commodity in Nepal are given below:
- Rice: Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Dhanusha, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Chitwan, Gorkha, Pyuthan, Salyan, Parbat
- Maize: Jhapa, Khotang, Sindupalchowk, Parbat, Gulmi, Rolpa, Banke, Baitadi, Dhading
- Wheat: Nawalparasi
- Multi cereal crops (Rice, Maize, Potato): Udyapur
- Potato: Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, Rasuwa, Nuwakot, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Baglung, Dailekh, Bajhang, Achham
- Vegetable: Dhankuta, Sunsari, Mahottari, Parsa, Nuwakot, Dhading, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Lalitpur, Tanahun, Nawalparasi, Palpa, Kapilvastu, West Rukum, Arghakhachi, Surkhet, Rautahat
- Bean: Mugu
- Soybean: Dadeldhura
- Rapeseed: Dang, Kailali
- Fish: Morang, Sunsari, Mahottari, Kapilvastu
- Goat: Ramechhap, Arghakhachi, Dailekh, Achham
- Pig: Myagdi, Sunsari
- Buffalo: Saptari
- Cow: Ilam
- Apple: Manang, Mustang, Kalikot, Dolpa, Humla, Darchula
- Mandarian: Solukhumbu, Udyapur, Gorkha, Myagdi, Nawalpur, Gulmi, Jajarkot, Dailekh
- Sweet orange: Ramechhap
- Mango: Saptari, Siraha
- Banana: Chitwan
- Walnut: East Rukum
- Kiwi: Ilam, Dolakha, Solukhumbu.3
- Cardamom: Taplejung, Pachthar, Sankhuwasabha, Terathum, Bhojpur, Lamjung
- Ginger/Turmeric: Solukhumbu, Udyapur, Sunsari, Syangja, Salyan, Surkhet, Doti
- Honey Bee: Dang, Chitwan, Jajarkot
- Arachis (Supari): Jhapa
- Rubber: Jhapa
- Olive: Bajura
Blocks in Nepal:
Blocks are the areas with minimum infrastructure and with minimum of 100 hectors of particular commodity (In case of Honey bees, Mushroom, High tech, Green house / plastic house, fish pond according to act) cultivation established with objective of increasing production and productivity, mechanization, commercialization. Blocks are at district level which are agricultural production centers and support in advancement in district agricultural production and status. The agriculture infrastructure developed will be community seed bank, processing, grading and packaging units, marketing infrastructures, plant quarantine infrastructure / laboratory.
There will be total of 1500 blocks all over the country.
However, there are only 336 blocks at present in fully functioning state.
Pockets are the primary agricultural production centers at district level with minimum area of 10 hectors of cultivated areas of particular commodity. (In case of Honey bees, Mushroom, High tech, Green house / plastic house, fish pond according to act). The major objectives of pockets are increase in production, productivity, commercialization, modernization, easy supply of agricultural production inputs and technical assistance in those areas. Agricultural infrastructures like threshing floor, storage house, collection centers will be developed in such areas.
There will be 10,000 pockets in total all over the country.
The existing number of established pocket areas are 2776 at present.